Thanks to the extraordinary area, soil composition and favourable position, domestic (autochtonous) and other popular world varieties have been grown successfully. By its position and importance for the grape growing and grape production strip and basin of Skadar Lake point out. The largest and the most beautiful vineyard in Europe, Ćemovsko field,spreads on the surface of 2310 ha, with 11 million grapevines.
Montenegrin viticultural area, generally speaking, makes the southernmost part of the Adriatic coast, so we may say for the wines,made of the red grape variety Vranac by traditional vinification, that they are specific southern wines. These wines are specific for greater alcohol contents, full body, plenty of colloidal substances and their wine aromas.
Altitude of vineyards is officially 44,5 m. It lowers towards Skadar Lake to 40m and rises up to
70m towards the capital Podgorica. The soil is heavy and skeletal, with over 95% lime conglomerates and only remaining 5% is fine soil. The precipitation quantity is 1600 ml of rainfall monthly. During vegetation (8 months)
the sun shines in Podgorica 10-12 hours daily.
In major part of the vineyards(about 94%) the harvest is done by hand. Engaging about 2000 workers during
the harvest, Plantaže co-ordinate successfully the harvest, having as a sole priority- provision of the good quality raw material for its premium wines.
There are 23 wells,power 90l/sec., and the irrigation season lasts 2,5 months.
Below Ćemovsko field there is a spring of potable water of excellent quality. The whole vineyard is irrigated, major part of it under drip irrigation system.
Autochtonous Montenegrin varieties
Autochtonous varieties of this area, thanks to environmental and agro-technical conditions
which made possible complete expression of the potential possibilities of the varieties,made the basis for the production of the grapes of the characteristic composition and properties which give the hallmark
both to the properties of wine and their quality. As for the autochtonous Montenegrin varieties, the most interesting and famous varieties are the red variety Vranac and white variety Krstač.
The cluster has small, slightly elliptical berries of blue-black colour, the pulp of which is colourless and very tasteful. It is characterized by great sugar contents. It is usually picked in the last week of August or first week of September.
It is grown mostly in the southern part of Montenegro. It is mostly grown in the surroundings of Podgorica.
In Crmnitza, you may find only few grapvines of this variety.
Cluster is medium sized, tight and resembles the cross. The berries are medium sized, slightly elliptical, grrenish-yellow colour. The pulp of the berries is colourless. The harvest of the grapes is done in the first week of September.
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