Very poor precipitations as well as 290 sunny days in a year, warmth emission in the night from the pebbles in the vineyard ,small quantity of precipitation and pretty dry climate and small number of pests, are very favourable for the small use of the chemical agents in the vineyard and natural growing of grapevines and contribute that the grapes have the properties which they have now. But, the irrigation is necessary and our vineyard with 23 wells is completely covered with the irrigation system.
Horizontal distance from the Adriatic sea is about 30 km, so Adriatic climate covering the whole valley of the river Bojana, has a dominant influence. However,due to the shallow soil and poor vegetation, bordered by the range of barren limestone hills, Ćemovsko field considerably looks like karst basin with particularly hot and dry summer and colder winter than in the winter in narrow coastal strip.
The soil of the Ćemovsko field was formed on the conglomerate of fluvial-glacial sediments transferred from the massif of the mountains from the eastern side of the Ćemovsko field. Sediments mostly consist of the caustic,chalky, limestones with high percentage of big, completely rounded and polished pebble,g ravel and sand.
It is in wine making that the secret of transfer of the characteristics and features of each grapevine variety into wine has been kept as well as the secret of the tradition of the wine making in the territory of Montenegro, integrated into the achievements of the latest technologies in the production of wine. The team of wine makers consisted of the devoted people with long term experience. Their talent provides that the wine you consume represents the real reflection of the grapes,picked in the vineyard.
The river Cijevna has a specific character of the mountain stream with very expressed fluctuations in the water level. This lost river, with its short but marvelous flow, irrigates the fertile plains and fields in its lower flow surrounded by the largest vineyards in Europe and in one complex!
In its upper flow, the river Cijevna meanders through the mountain canyon of middle size. In the season of abundant autumn and spring rains as well as in the period of snow melting in the river basin, it behaves as the real wild river, carrying huge amounts of water and suspended material. However, in winter and summer, it runs dry,giving the possibility to realise all complexity and clear cross section of the composition of the interior of the soil of the Ćemovsko field which is a rarity in the viticultural world.
Autochtonous assortment of this area, due to environmental and agrotechnic conditions which made possible full expression of the potentials of the grape varieties, created the base for the production of the grape of the characteristic composition and properties which make the wine and its quality peculiar. The most important grape varieties for the customers are the red grape variety Vranac and the white grape variety Krstach of the autochtonous Montenegrin grape varieties. Vranac - The bunch of grapes has small, slightly elliptical berries of blue-black colour with the colourless pulp and it is very delicious. It contains great amount of sugar. It is usually picked up in the last week of August or first week of September. Krstach - It is mostly grown in the southern part of Montenegro,particularly in the surroundings of Podgorica. In Crmnitza, you can find only a few grapevines of the variety. The bunch is of middle size, dense and resembles the cross. The berries are of middle size, slightly elliptical, greenish-yellow colour. The pulp of the berries is colourless. Harvest of grapes is performed in the first week of September.
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